Hazard is any condition or situation that has the potential of causing harm. One of the main causes of injury in the workplace is the inability to effectively carry out proper hazard assessment and control.
The best way to ensure adequate protection of the workers is to carry out proper hazard assessment and control. For hazard assessment to be very effective, you need to collate and review information about all the hazards in your workplace.
You can also carry out investigations on the number of accidents and injuries recorded at a period in the workplace in other to be able to determine the underlying hazards and the proper safety precautions to be taken.
The Purpose of Hazard Assessment
· Creating awareness that could result in workplace injuries and accidents.
· Identification of the potential hazards or the existing ones in the workplace.
· To make sure that workers follow required standard and regulations.
Steps to Be Taken While Conducting Hazard Assessment
The relevant informations available to the workers and the employees regarding the hazards at their workplace should be collected and be worked on. The information you need to collect from them are the safety data sheet of the chemicals they work on, equipment and machinery operating manual, exposure monitoring result, existing safety and health programs etc. You also need to determine the types of hazard that they are exposed to, based on the data that you’ve gathered.
Workplace inspection for safety hazards
The next step is to inspect the workplace for safety hazards which might result from improper equipment maintenance, worn out tools or equipment, poor housekeeping and so on. To achieve this, you need to inspect their work area, facilities, equipment and their operation, making sure that they work in accordance with laid down safety standards
Identify health hazards
To fully carry out this assessment, you need to identify substances that your workers are exposed to that may affect their health. As we know that some chemicals and reagents used in the workplace that can be very dangerous when inhaled, proper safety precaution needs to be taken when handling them.
Methods of Controlling Hazards
Eliminating hazards from the workplace is very important. But to do this, the control methods need to be adopted. The three controlling methods are listed below:
· Engineering control
· Administrative control
· Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
Hazards are the major cause of the injuries and accident in the workplace. It is very important to eliminate them by putting in place hazard assessment and control and other safety means measures so as to ensure a safe working condition.